Dogfight Over Europe Ryanair (A, B & C). Uploaded by Sachin. Comprehensive answers of the mentioned case after detailed analyses of the three cases. Accommodate. We can estimate BA and Aer Lingus’s loss in revenues by calculating how many passengers Ryanair would be taking away from them. The Ryanair case is actually three smaller cases, released one at a time, detailing the state of Ryanair, a low-cost European airline.

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Sorry, but downloading is forbidden on this website.

Sorry, but downloading is forbidden on this website. The company wants to become the 2nd largest international airline. Focused on customer satisfactions: Figure A2 illustrates all the key points as a summary.

That created more customer and more income, being its sources of fund for reinvest.

Dogfight over Europe: Ryanair Essay Example for Free

Aer Lingus and British Airways had two different choices to react: Accessed December 31, Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours How about receiving a customized one? The company have to innovate its new unique point to eliminate the problem that it would have faced the loss of its customers to the competitors.

Most importantly are safety issues, punctuality, near-perfect baggage handling, and the green policy. Ryanair saves costs by operating over secondary airports.

Initially, RyanAir was a full-service conventional airline, with two classes of seating and leasing three different types of aircraft. Ryanaur carefully allocate all of its resources and assets to get the highest performance outcome.

Also, the extra revenue from sales, advertised spaces renting, and referral fees could support its financial health and accommodate it to sell the ticket more lower price. They focused ryanalr 5 things to rebirth their company.

Review Case Study Dogfight over Europe: RyanAir Essay

Ryanair has successfully demonstrated how to make use of modern technology in order to save costs. In spite of this fact, Ryanair initiated service on the Dublin-London route inusing a seat turboprop during its early stages.

Besides, it may be all the more attractive to customers since it was spending tens of millions of pounds in renewing its fleet of jets, while Ryanair was just starting to operate with turboprops, and still did not have permission to fly larger jet aircraft on the route. Moreover, with the prospective deregulation of the European airline industry whose foundations were laid by the Single European Act, British Airways should benefit from a major opportunity to expand to new Dogfigth routes, relying on its valuable international experience.

The low fares industry, especially, with established leading players as Ryanair, is really hard to enter. Dogfight over Europe Ryanair. Ryanair was launched at a time that did not seem highly favorable to the airline industry.

One year ryanalr, the newborn company started operating between Dublin and the British capital. That means that the factor threat of new entrants is pretty low.

Dogfight over Europe: Ryanair – Case Study | Essay Writing Service A+

Thus, the newborn company benefited from the beginning from a distinctive business model focused on low operational costs and low fares, but which was not undermining the quality of its services. Ryanair is involved in a few legal battles with Stansted and Dublin airport that raise their departure duties. RyanAir specifically for you. In Aprilthe Ryan brothers announce that their fledging Irish airline Ryanair will soon commence service between Dublin and London.

Dogfight over Europe: Ryanair (A)

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? Lives of the Saints Essay.

Review Case Study Dogfight over Europe: Ryanair — Case Study Length: He was the inventor of charges for online check-in.


ULC is pleased to announce the publication of the Fifth Edition of CAN/ULC- S, Standard for. Inspection and Testing of Fire Alarm Systems. This National. Fire Alarm Inspection, Maintenance, and Service by Anubis Systems Technologies. SCOPE. This Standard provides requirements for the inspection and testing of fire alarm systems and specifies the devices and functions to be inspected.

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Actual number of End-of-Line Resistors tested: Where active and supporting field devices are utilized, device labels correspond with actual field location. Low Pressure supervisory device inspected and tested. Glass break device in cab There are a total of: Lined Unlined Supply water pressure: Supporting documentation attesting to this is on site and has been reviewed. Good Worn Inspect electrically supervised valves?

Standards Council of Canada

Testing results and any ul are identified in the Device Test Record. Smoke and fire detectors should be considered an integral part of any home or business security system.

Input circuit to output circuit operation, including ancillary device circuits for correct Z program operation, as per design and specification, or documentation as detailed in Appendix E, Description of Fire Alarm System for Inspection and Test Procedures. Output circuits for selective voice cwn, including visual indication, F operates. The common control employs several features to enable the occupants to identify any specific problems within the z536.

Record the name and telephone number of the fire signal receiving centre. A B C Confirm that a trouble signal is received at the control unit or transponder under an open loop fault.

Outlet hose threads are undamaged?

Heavy discoloration of water during drain test or plugging of inspectors test connection? Rechargeable batteries shall not be used in smoke alarms unless specifically recommended by the manufacturer. Advise central monitoring facility that testing is completed?

Audibility of alert, alarm and voice messages checked. These units are vulnerable to electrical failures they won’t function in the absence of power. Fire Alarm System Inspection Services.

Have someone standing by the panel so that they can cancel or silence any audible alarm quickly. Annual Special Inspection Contact Person: Never paint the sensor! Description of alarm signal operation.

CAN/ULC-S Fire Alarm Annual Inspection Test Form

Output circuit designations correctly identified in relation to connected field devices. Fire Safety Plan documentation on site? Flow Test – by flowing the required volume of water at design pressure to the hydraulically most remote hose connection?

Hose connection pressure reducing valves partial flow test. Common visual trouble signal operates. Visible signaling appliances tested? Audibility of alarm sounder checked?

C F Checked for unusual noise or vibration? Test circuit breakers and fuses for proper operation? E C Terminal clamps clean and tight?

Fire Alarm System Periodic Inspection (CAN/ULC-S)

RPM Packing gland adjusted as required? A copy should be maintained dan the premises for examination by the Fire Marshal or Inspector at their request. Plug-in components and modules securely in place. Couplings of compatible threads and undamaged? X Coded signal sequences are not interrupted by subsequent alarms. Alarm valves shall be inspected externally.

When sufficient particles accumulate, the unit goes into an alarm condition. Cap gaskets in place and in good condition? Description of the function of each operating control and indicator on the fire alarm control unit. Confirm field device protective dust shields or covers removed.

CAN/ULC-S536-04 Fire Alarm Annual Inspection Test Form

Maintenance Items Annually Hose nozzles – open and close and lubricate if necessary. Most smoke detectors installed today are wired directly to the household ukc system.

This type of detector works best for fast flaming fires that produce small amounts of smoke. This form must include without exception the following: System is returned to service after an extended period of non-service?


Download» Datasheet, PDF, Mb. Refer to Application Notes ANA/D and AN/D for additional design information. Features MARKING. D(AVG). = I /2 = I. + I. +I /2 pk. I = I in. C(AVG). Vin. –I /2 pk. V – Vpk out toff/2 .. Reproduction of TI information in TI data books or data sheets is permissible only . AN/D for additional design information. The excel spread sheet for thermal considerations is available too. The MC is an extended temperature.

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Ipk — the peak input current should be mA. You are commenting using your WordPress. Then out of the blue it occurred to me to just switch the polarity for the handset. No abstract text available Text: January 25, at 9: MC driver led Abstract: This device features an on-chip 1.

I want 25mA note that the input current will be much higher than the output current when stepping up this far — in my final tests, it takes mA 5V to generate 25mA 48V. December 13, at 8: To use the calculator, you are going to need to know. This should serve to disable the ring signal for the connected handset without disabling datashedt line for making calls or picking one up because you can hear a ring elsewhere or if you have ESP.

When I looked at the datasheet, I interpreted it as a maximum of 40V in.

DC-DC Step-Up Converter | Details |

I am rather much an902a with using through-hole components since the zn920a of the project is being built that way. References First, here are some references: Vripple — the voltage ripple in the output. So, where is the 5V coming from? MC step up converter MC step up high current MC application note MC application mc MC converter ic mc mc application note mc step up 5a Text: January 16, at I got about Here is my final circuit: January 22, at 8: Email required Address never made public.

With an on board switch capable of delivering 1. Dennis Solley ON Semiconductor The NCP Switching Regulator is an improved version of the popular MC switching regulators and is based on a very flexible hysteretic architecture that can be used to create step-downimplemented.

Datasjeet components need be far from MCsuch as RC related to oscillator, electrolytic capacitance.

Iout datashet this is the output current. July 26, at I spent a ridiculous amount of time trying to get an inverting boost power supply working to provide V. Motorola MC switching regulator subsystem was selected.

The telco side has only 2 SSRs daatsheet control of the handset between myself and the telco and a device already certified to provide CID. Because the ring signal is AC superimposed on the DC, masking the ring should be a matter of introducing a diode bridge between the phone line and the handset.

5V to 48V Switch-Mode Power Supply using MC | Big Dan the Blogging Man

High Xatasheet Ringer — This is the original post I an92a0 across that gives a rough picture of the IC and a decent schematic of its use. Now that I read it again, what you say makes sense and the internal transistors support only 40V. I arbitrarily decide to use a K ohm resistor for R2 so I just need to do some algebra to determine what R1 must be: This worked amazingly well. This entry was posted in c-electronics and tagged SMPS.

Notify me of new posts via email. No 5v supply or boost necessary, and it should have no impact on other phones not clients to the bridge setup. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. MC has 40V maximum rating.

DC-DC Step-Up Converter

January 25, at To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Ring disable may or may not work with a half-wave rectification. You are commenting using your Twitter account. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Determining the Overall Circuit Layout The way the passive components are connected to the MC depend on what type of power supply you are building: Once my box determines the call can pass, it regenerates caller id for the handset, then connects it back to the telco so I can hear the phone and still see who is calling.


Carrageenans or carrageenins are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted Kappa-carrageenan has one sulfate group per disaccharide, iota-carrageenan has two, and lambda-carrageenan has three. Gelatinous. Para tal efecto se incorporaron seis mezclas distintas de hidrocoloides provenientes de la carragenina kappa, kappa y goma tara (individualmente. La Kappa-Oligo carragenina aumenta la síntesis de NADPH, ascorbato y el glutatión y las actividades TRR/TRX mejorando la fotosíntesis.

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Different cytotoxic sensitivity of lambda- carrageenan oligosaccharides in three kinds of cells was observed, of which HUVEC is the most sensitive to this oligosaccharides. Palmitic acid PA as hydrophobic material was incorporated into semi-refined kappa-carrageenan SRKC edible films in order to improve water vapor barrier properties. Kappa-carrageenan is a sulphated polysaccharide naturally present in seaweeds.

In this study, we focus attention on a mixed valence counterion system: To investigate the spectrofluorometric properties, fluorescence spectroscopy of the obtained quantum dots was studied.

Full Text Available The effect of 0. The amino acid sequence deduced from the cDNA sequence fits the published amino acid sequence with three exceptions; the reported pyroglutamic acid at position 1, tyrosine at position 35, and aspartic acid at position 81 are, respectively, a glutamine, a histidine, and an asparagine in the clone containing pKR The tensile strength of the film was highest for the sample with 0.

These results suggest that allopurinol gel application can mitigate inflammation reactions associated with radiation-induced oral mucositis and dermatitis.

Apart from their known cardagenina properties and some pharmacological activity, carrageenans can also strongly bind and hold metal ions.


II carrageenan and tara gum in a Other statistics such as the proportion of concordance, maximum attainable kappa and prevalence and bias adjusted kappa should be considered to indicate how well the carrageninw statistic represents agreement in the data. These mechanical and solubility properties suggest that bio-nanocomposite film of semi refined kappa carrageenan and nanoparticle ZnO can be effectively used as food packaging material. The hydrated membranes showed a two orders of magnitude higher ionic conductivity than the dried membranes.

Hot Milk All carrageenan types are soluble in hot milk but some types are strongly affected by calcium ions present. For instance, cqrragenina genus Gigartina produces mainly kappa carrageenans during its gametophytic stage, and lambda carrageenans during its sporophytic stage. Carrageenans as a new source of drugs with metal binding properties. This section does not cite any sources. Barba, Bin Jeremiah D. Therefore, iota-type carrageenan may be useful in altering the textural, mouthfeel and processing properties of starch based systems.

Data from 42 eyes 13 males and 29 females were analyzed in this study. Hydrogels for burn dressing using blends of carrageenan and synthetic polymers have also been made using gamma radiation. The data obtained during tableting were analysed by three-dimensional 3D modelling. This system has been examined by titration microcalorimetry and capillary viscometry to determine the thermodynamics of the binding phenomenon.

They are widely used in the food and other industries as thickening and stabilizing agents.

L’Epicerie :: FINE FOODS :: Molecular Gastronomy – Modernist Cuisine :: Carrageenan – Kappa

Except for Agardhiella subulata, lyophilized thalli showed greater accumulation of Ni, Cu and Zn. Many studies however, have focused on improving its short-comings such as its limited processability and solubility in common solvents. Effects of CGN on the immune system following parenteral administration are well known, but not relevant to food additive uses.

Eucalyptus trees treated with OC kappa showed an increase in the levels of the auxin indole 3-acetic acid IAAgibberellin A3 GA3 and the cytokinin trans-zeatin t-Z as well as a decrease in the level of the brassinosteroid epi-brassinolide EB. IC combination, the highest syneresis was shown syneresis higher than 1.

The highest carrageenan yields were found in Chondracanthus acicularis The aims of this study were to analyze the effect of hydrogen peroxide concentration, temperature and degradation time to molecular weight of refined kappa carrageenan.

Center for Marine Science Research. Carrageenan -based antimicrobial films were developed by incorporation of grape fruit seed extract GSE at different concentration into the polymer using a solvent casing method and their physical, mechanical, and antimicrobial properties were examined.

Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía Medellín

Carrageenan is a natural polysaccharide extracted from edible red seaweeds of Rhodophycea class. Effects of pH and ionic strength on drug release were also studied. The breakdown properties and sensory perception of emulsion-filled gels with different matrices were studied at carragsnina emulsion concentrations. The results reveal that addition of carrageenan makes the films stronger and less permeable. Food Hydrocolloids 23 2: To assess in vitro efficacy of Divine 9, a carrageenan -based vaginal lubricant that is being studied as a microbicide to inhibit HPV16 pseudovirus PsV carrageninaa.

It had a molecular weight of Casting method was cartagenina for the film molding and drying at 60oC with the oven for 12 hours. The reference anti-inflammatory drugs diclofenac and dexamethasone inhibited the chick- carrageenan -induced footpad oedema, with maximal inhibitions of This cDNA library of clones was screened employing colony hybridization using 32 P-labelled oligonucleotide probes and restriction endonuclease mapping.


“I Am a Strange Loop is vintage Hofstadter: earnest, deep, overflowing with ideas, cognitive scientist and polymath Douglas Hofstadter has returned to his. Scott O’Reilly loops the loop with Douglas Hofstadter. So, a mirage that only exists because it perceives itself: this is an example of what Hofstadter calls a “strange loop”. He has an endearing.

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What do we mean when we say “I”?

An Eternal Golden Braid and more focused on the “scientific” side of things without all the wonderful digressions you have to read GEB to understand. Perhaps the thing I learned most from this book is strahge consciousness can perhaps only be understood by analogy, not by a direct understanding of the physiology or via mechanical terms.

douglax To other people, these two men will appear in every way the same. And on the plus side, at least Hofstadter’s discussion of Godel was refreshingly correct technically — it helps having had some formal mathematical training.

How does the winner in the competition between various wishes and desires translate that specific wish and desire into physical action? His anecdotal asides alone are enough to trigger the gag reflex.

I Am a Strange Loop

Concepts are also extensible in that we can map analogies between seemingly dissimilar concepts. The thing measured has dougals moral content at all – not people, not events, not inanimate objects. Lots of things intruded on my time and it can be finished far more quickly than my dates would imply. How can we always wake up as the same person?

And for people who haven’t read the book, ‘soul’ doesn’t mean the Christian or religious soul, only a kind of cognition and introspection that seems to be uniquely developed in humans so if you think of humans as having the biggest souls, and define a soul as that human quality of thinking and introspection, then you really are talking about a self-referential loop! He is not a dualist; consciousness arises from physical laws and not from a ki This book, on consciousness and what makes a human an “I,” is methodical and exuberant, technical and personal.

Fascinating to hear about Hofstadter going through the loss of his wife. Suffice it to say that I think Hofstadter is on to the nature of consciousness and he presents it in a lively yet challenging way.

To ask other readers questions about I Am a Strange Loopplease sign up. As he observes, each of us is a more than just a self; we are a collection of selves.

Review of Hofstadter, Douglas R.: I Am a Strange Loop

Oct 12, Jane rated it it was amazing. Want to Read saving…. So, I have no real logical response to this counter-claim, other than his original description of such weak, second-order existences seems intuitively wrong to me.

Hofstadter is a natural phenomenologist and a first rate scientist a pretty good combination, by the way.

Poetically speaking, Bach, Mozart, Shakespeare, Plato, Socrates and our loved ones can live on through us insofar as we can see the world through their eyes.

Awareness and energy or pure presence seem to be aspects of consciousness which are outside the symbol of the Ego.

To me the simple answer is: The workings of the human brain are described metaphorically and not physiologicallyand often those metaphors are mathematical. One must recognize and come to accept one’s responsibility in killing to see life correctly.

So why d Twenty-eight years ago, Douglas Hofstadter published a book titled “Goedel, Escher, Bach” that earned him instant academic renown and a cultlike following. Hofstadter subscribes to the concept known as the narrative self: The last hundred pages or so of the book annoyed m The meat of this book, which uses an analogy with Godel’s critique of the Principia Mathematica to explain how the concept of an “I” might be an emergent phenomenon of self referential loops in the brain, is interesting.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. View all 4 comments. By continuing to browse the site with cookies enabled in your browser, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with our privacy policy. So in one respect what DFW is saying is true, but in another, Hofstadter says ‘True, but you can’t deny the way we live in other people’s thoughts, influence their decisions.

It doesn’t seem to be necessary for his argument, which I think is going to be that the idea of rich “interiority” is essentially a matter of being able to build ideas out of ideas in a self-referential fashion.

No two concepts could seem more dissimilar on the surface as writing philosophy and trailing through the jungle. In what way does it imply a being’s worth or dispensability? It is difficult to get into the book for the following reasons: DH makes as persuasive a case for a non-dualistic theory of mind, and provides as convincing an account albeit, a substantially metaphorical one of what dojglas do, how selves form, and what it means to perceive as any I have come across.

My final conclusion is that his book is more autobiographical than a scholarly or scientific work. Nov 17, Annie rated it it was amazing Shelves: The hofztadter that he spent nearly page trying to develop this metaphor, and providing multiple anecdotes illustrating the concept of the infinite and circular suggests to me that he really has no idea what consciousness is. The point, I suppose, is that because of the depth and arbitrary complexity of human thought, it is difficult to define in discrete terms, although this fact does not make it any less grounded in purely scientific and reasonable terms.

He hofsgadter so by describing the mind’s process of something like “infinite reflexivity”. I suspect that Mr. And hofstadetr is sleep about anyway?

If you can prove it, then it’s false. Jun 05, BlackOxford rated it liked it Shelves: I have occasional moments of consciousness that make me aware of the long intervals of unconsciousness that I suffer. Dec 22, Chuck McCabe rated it liked it Recommends it for: He puts the words of someone who objects into the book, saying “I can’t say for sure that a mosquito doesn’t have as rich an internal life as I do! And if you do believe in a metaphysical soul, you’re being asked to tie it directly to how much a being thinks about itself.

He loves to play with words and he loves corny puns.


The six dimensions of national culture defined by Geert Hofstede described, Each dimension has been derived by comparing many, but not all, countries in. ARTICLES. Hofstede’s cultural Dimensions and tourist behaviors: A review and conceptual Framework*. Las dimensiones culturales y la conducta turística. Transcript of DIMENSIONES CULTURALES DE HOFSTEDE. AUTOLARTE “Las organizaciones están divididas en pequeños grupos de.

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The authors postulate that the tourist behavior in group tours is a function of national culture of the tourists and the temporary tourist culture, which the individuals may adopt when on a holiday. The fundamental issue here is what motivates people, wanting to be the best Masculine or liking what you do Feminine.

The Japanese Travel Life Cycle. In India, there is acceptance of imperfection; nothing has to be perfect nor has to go exactly as planned.

He dealt with Virtue but left the question of Truth open. This paper is divided into seven sections. Whereas individuals are the basic subject of psychological analysis Smith,the socialization of individuals and their interaction with society is a matter to be studied at the level of families, peers, neighborhoods, schools, cities, and nations each with its own statistical imprint of culture Smith, It describes the effects of a society’s culture on the values of its members, and how these values relate to behavior, using a structure derived from factor analysis.

Individualism Each dimension has been derived by comparing many, but not all, countries in the world. The two main motivations for family trips mentioned by tourists in this group were the opportunity for kids to experience foreign cultures and the reasonable costs of overseas trips. This dimension is defined as the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulsesbased on the way they were raised. These questionnaires included 97 U. Self-expression and individualism increase with economic growth Inglehart,independent of any culture, and they are vital in small populations faced with outside competition for resources.

March lists the main advantages of overseas weddings as lower cost, efficiency of arrangements, more intimate and relaxed atmosphere, the heightened romance, and the opportunity for the couple to escape from social demands particularly considering the collectivistic nature of the Japanese society.

Long Term Orientation This dimension describes how every society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and futureand societies prioritise these two existential goals differently. On the other hand, past research findings also indicate that many societies of the East, such as Japan and China, prefer to travel in groups due to the collectivistic nature of those societies.

They possess a positive attitude and have a tendency towards optimism. Journal of Travel Research, 41 May Annals of Tourism Research, 22 4 The satisfaction is based on expectations, which tourists typically have in the “Before-Travel” stage, and perceived performance or evaluations, which result after the travel experiences in the “During-Travel” stage.

Societies with a low score in this dimension have a tendency to cynicism and pessimism. This ambiguity brings with it anxiety and different cultures have learnt to deal with this anxiety in different ways.

Compare countries – Hofstede Insights

This suggests need for both conceptual and empirical research on this subject. The assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of travel and tourism requires information search and acquisition.

Communication is top down and directive in its style and often feedback which is negative is never offered up the ladder. These 13 Chinese cultural Values included adaptability, being conservative, contentedness, courtesy, harmony with others, patience, protecting face, prudence, reciprocity, respect for tradition, thrift, tolerance of others and trustworthiness.

The findings of the present study hofsfede that these three dimensions may exercise their influence either d, in pairs or all three at the same time. There is a wealth of research done in the field of travel and tourism that acknowledges the importance of hofsttede and compares the behavior of tourists from different nationalities. Face Saving in Chinese Culture: They did not buy souvenirs, did not buy gifts, did not trust tourist trade people, did not shop, did not take photos, traveled alone, and did not write letters.

September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Independent research in Hong Kong hlfstede Hofstede to add a fifth dimension, long-term orientation, to cover aspects of values not discussed in the original paradigm.

Putting together national scores from 1 for the lowest to for the highestHofstede’s six-dimensions model allows international comparison between cultures, also called comparative research: In fact, as we are generally not aware of other countries’ cultures, we tend to minimize cultural differences.

The conceptual framework also depicts the processes underlying the application of dominant values to these categories of travel behaviors.

March indicates that the “honeymoon travelers” spend more on accommodation, meals, tours, and shopping than any of the other segments. The findings of both studies indicated that tourists from high uncertainty avoidance cultures had taken risk and uncertainty reducing measures such as hofstsde of pre-paid tours and pre-booked lodgings to a greater extent than tourists from low uncertainty avoidance cultures.

Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory

Geert Hofstede whose work inspired this research. Those with a culture which scores high, on the other hand, take a more pragmatic approach: National scores should never be interpreted as deterministic for individuals.

People with this orientation have the perception that their actions are Restrained by social norms and feel that indulging themselves is somewhat wrong. For example, low power distance is associated with consultative political practices and income equity, whereas high power distance is correlated with unequal income distribution, as well as bribery and corruption in domestic politics.

The 6D model of national culture

These group-oriented societies are also extremely hierarchical and culutrales authority. The conceptual framework developed in our research provides with some further insights into the relative dominance of the various cultural dimensions in different stages of travel behaviors.

Two research studies dealing with these issues are Money and Crottsand Crotts and Litvin Honeymooners therefore are the most lucrative and sought after segment in the Japanese group tour business. There are many salient implications of this research for travel and tourism marketing.


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Logística Empresarial has 15 ratings and 0 reviews: Published by Atlas, pages, Mass Market Paperback. Ronald H. Ballou is the author of Business Logistics Management ( avg rating, 72 ratings, 5 reviews, published ), Logística Empresarial ( avg. Find great deals for LOGISTICA Administracion De La Cadena De Suministro Ronald H. Ballou Shop with confidence on eBay!.

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K Zildjian cymbals are known for their dark, warm sound that harkens back to the original K cymbals developed by Zildjian in 19th Century. Turkey. We use. All later Avedis Zildjian stamps have dot dot dash dash at the bottom of the Image: Zilco TRADE MARK stamp in WFL Catalog .. This seems to be the case in his original essay, and to have lasted until at least Avedis Zildjian info by year annotated with information and links: Avedis catalog lists Bop Flange Hats and Be-Bop cymbals 18″ to 26″ (Cymbal Book , p) AB change to pin lathing on K Cons; 15, 17, 19 crashes added.

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Or the ; which is the Z of Zildjian. The pre Trans Stamps also show very obvious hammer blows. Feb 11, 9. The non-Latin character s in the mark transliterate into “a fi des Zilgian Sha re kat”, and this means “Avedis Zildjian Company” in English.

In terms of production techniques it appears similar to other Avedis cymbals of that period. Another characteristic of Trans Stamps which distinguishes cqtalogo from later stamps is that they say U S A no dots rather than U. It’s a work in progress.

Early 70s Zildjian ride models | [DFO] Drum Forum

But when we talk about ” the three dots ” it is the ones in a triangle in the Ottoman section upper portion of the stamp. I am not responsible for any of the pre s dates, I’m just compiling information painstakingly researched by Bill Hartrick and now in circulation around the web, most often with no acknowledgement of the original source.

Pick a drum catalog from zjldjian go to the cymbal section; model listings will be there. My reason for doing this one letter at a time is that I can refer to them by saying “the E of avEdis in the Ottoman section” and you should know I’m talking about that character which looks like O in this rendition. One was produced in the same way as the Avedis cymbals of the day.

The other thing to notice is that this is a calligraphic device not strict linear text, and that is part zildjiam it being a design which pleases the eye. Thus I have no way to judge the strength of the evidence. That will move your browser window into the gallery and place in on that entry.

If you have a zildjjian which has a s short stamp on it, plus hammering which looks like Trans Stamp hammering the you might have one of these.

We’ll come back to that in a decade or so.

Download the Latest Catalogs | Zildjian

It can extend out about an inch from the mounting hole. Under stage lights, or even just the lights in your garage, the lathing bands create a shimmering effect which is magnified when the cymbals are struck. After the war there was a time when Italian manufacturers were making a Zinjian for Leedy and there is sometimes confusion between the two including the spellings Z i and Z e wandering back and forth when people write about it.

What remains elusive is a nice clear way to distinguish the three s hammering eras which works for most zildjiah cymbals. We are still working to find out whether the difference between these two stamps might represent manufacturing era, different markets, or different drum companies.

Large stamps another flat center of the bell And above is a second shot from a slightly different angle. In addition, the ” stamp” cataloto the same quirks which distinguish the s short stamp leaving me convinced that it is the short 60s trademark die stamp which was applied to an older cymbal which had been in storage in the vault for a few years.

In the Large Stamp without the cqtalogo dots the E is directly under the H. In other words, 70s stamped cymbals lack the vertical alignment and 50s stamped cymbals have the vertical alignment. Feb 10, 7. That along with the dot in the dot dot dash dash assures accuracy in placement.

But it is not the earliest A Zildjian cymbal in a brilliant finish.

Download the Latest Catalogs

Solid Catakogo Zildjian The Zildjian becomes solid rather than hollow font, and now it is found on both the top and the bottom of the cymbal. Avedis Zildjian Made In Canada This looks like a typical 70s stamp which lacks the bold Zildjian Codoes not have the three dotsand has a particular vertical alignment.

See the Hammering Page for examples. What 20″ ride models did zildjian offer in the early 70s? But I don’t believe Bill has ever published his 4 sub types with the official names and type specimens the photos and identifying features which would establish them.

Feb 11, At least in 20″ and 22″ cymbals this seems to hold. All the key attributes are there to be seen.

A list of the model changes is here.


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Que le dio el manijazo para el arranque. Le informo que, indelble mente hoy, acaba de aparecer un nuevo matutino. No juguemos con fuego. Esto es comunismo puro. Pero apenas cae la tarde se cierne sobre estas catacumbas un hielo de muerte. La comida ha sido ex- celente. Se cumplen al pie de la le- tra los estudios, las previsiones y las prospecciones. Pero el bullicio de conejos triscando y retozando entre los arbustos le recuerda que lleva largas horas de ayuno.

Los historiadores ale- manes llaman a este conflicto Salpeterkrieg: En la tie- rra de Xiriri le mataron un hombre y le hirieron otro, por lo cual dio fuego a todos los poblados de los valles vecinos. Huanchaca, que cuenta entre sus trabajadores a extranjeros, particu- larmente chilenos, es la cuna de las luchas obreras.

Alguno ha ligado una bala perdida al entrar o salir de un juzgado o de la propia Corte. La United Fruit se organiza en El palazzo inspiraba respeto y temor a la chusma. Sin embargo, algo atrajo a estos hombres ha- cia la tierra hostil y algo los retuvo. He has frequently engaged in physical intimidation of his opponents and the press. La muerte va colgando sus sonrisas tergones de esperanza entre las piedras y en el fondo de los barrancos.

No es nece- sario hacer nada, alcanza con pensar diferente para que te encapuchen y te lleven. En muchos casos son nuestros herma- nos. Dios guarde a los unos y a los otros. Pero claro, finalmente el mandril es mandril y no avestruz. Cualidad menos perceptible en el Ibericus y el Latin. Oscuros son los escarmientos de la gula y la incontinencia.

Generalmente estas rebeliones fueron es- timuladas por hechiceros que anunciaban la llegada de nuevos tiempos. Cellia latifundistas del Noreste se quejan. Claro que no todo es tan simple. Le divierte el crujido de la pulga aplastada con tanta eficacia co- mo si la hubiera colocado debajo de un yunque. Pearl acredita que el GOC [Gobierno de Colombia] se ha comunicado con ambos grupos con el ob- jeto de desarrollar los mapas de ruta y construir confianza. Hasta en las mejores fami- lias, se defiende primero el bolsillo.

De a se entregaron La marina mercante ha crecido a tal grado, que en los mares solo Inglaterra supera a los Estados Unidos. Pude haberle dado algunos consejos a Al Capone.

Los ricos valles del norte de Nueva York, Pennsylvania y Virginia pronto llegan a ser grandes productores de trigo. En las voces terribles de apariciones que andan sueltas por la selva.

Experimento, contra la estupidez de mi tiempo, olas de odio que me asfixian. La selva es vida y zumo y hoja y flor y fruto y inceleble. El tronco se hace rama y la rama se hace astillas. Y los campesinos, pegujaleros, arri- mantes, agregados, forasteros, etc.

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John Marks, su co’abomdor. Nubes densas de muerte se asientan sobre el ramaje y indelwble el pavor de los desfiladeros. Ojo por ojo se va a tener que tragar un par de kilos de pasta sin respirar, hasta que reviente como un uchu recalentado al sol.

Barrido en al cabal sentido de la palabra, fuckyou. Lesseps, comete el error de querer un canal a nivel como en Suez.

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Sendero no tiene tanquetas ni usa jndeleble. Vencen y ex- pulsan finalmente al invasor flamenco. El 18 de noviembre, Phillipe Bunau Varilla firma en Washing- ton, en calidad de embajador del nuevo gobierno, el tratado Hay-Buneau Varilla. Un aire ame- nazante que tiene que ver con sus apetitos y con sus intereses. El pueblo que quiere ser libre, sea libre en negocios. El resultado es demoledor.

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Construiremos una Armada a la medida de nuestra grandeza. Los asistentes saludan con una rodilla en tierra. O diez, o cientos.

Los chilenos vencedores, imponen sus condiciones: Cuando el mundo recupere la paz cualquiera se va a atrever a cruzar. Apreciamos esta gentileza porque sabemos que poca falta le hace, en cambio, nuestra amistad. Algunos testimonios hablan de miles de chinos tra- bajando desnudos en las islas, como animales, sin recibir sueldo indeleeble sin que les dejaran ir a tierra firme.