The extract of Achillea fragrantissima (Af), which is a desert plant that has been used for many years in traditional medicine for the treatment of. Authority, (Forssk.) Sch. Bip. Family, Magnoliopsida:Asteridae:Asterales: Compositae. Synonyms, Santolina fragrantissima Forssk. Common names, lavender. The composition of hydro-distilled oils of Achillea fragrantissima inflorescence ( fresh and dry) at the pre- and flowering stages was evaluated by.
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In the present study, the ethanolic extract prepared from Af was tested for its anti-inflammatory effects on lipopolysaccharide LPS -activated primary cultures of brain microglial cells. In the present study, extracts from 66 different desert plants were tested for their effect on lipopolysaccharide LPS – induced production of NO by primary microglial cells. The genus was named after the Greek mythological character Achilles.
Sources differ widely as to which of these should be recognized as species which ones merit subspecies or variety status, and which ones should be relegated to the dustbin of synonymy. Retrieved from ” https: During the neuroinflammatory process, microglial cells release proinflammatory mediators such as cytokines, matrix metalloproteinases MMPReactive oxygen species ROS and nitric oxide NO. These plants typically have frilly, hairy, aromatic leaves.
The genus is native primarily to Europetemperate areas of Asiaand North America. Nearly 1, names have been published within the genus Achilleaat or below the level of species.
Achillea fragrantissima (Forssk.) | Flora of Israel Online
The plants show large, flat clusters of small flowers at feagrantissima top of the stem. The extract of Achillea fragrantissima Afwhich is a desert plant that has been used for many years in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases, was the most efficient extract, and was further studied for additional anti-neuroinflammatory effects in these cells.
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Achillea species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Achillea. NO levels secreted by the activate cells were measured using Griess reagent, ROS levels were measured by 2’7′-dichlorofluorescein diacetate DCF-DAMMP-9 activity was measured using gel zymography, and the protein levels of the proinflammatory enzymes cyclooxygenase-2 COX-2 and induced nitric oxide synthase iNOS were measured by Western blot analysis.
Fernleaf Yarrow Achillea filipendula. Views Read Edit View history.
Achillea Asteraceae genera Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus. For other uses, see Achillea disambiguation.
A number of species – notably A. International Association for Plant Taxonomy. The flowers can be white, yellow, orange, pink or red and are generally visited by many insects, and are thus characterised by a generalised pollination system. Cell viability was assessed using Lactate dehydrogenase LDH activity in the media conditioned by the cells or by the crystal violet cell staining.
This page was last edited on 30 Mayat According to legend, Achilles’ soldiers used yarrow to treat their wounds,  hence some of its common names such as allheal and bloodwort. Silvery Yarrow Achillea clavenae. The neuroinflammatory process plays a central role in the initiation and progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, and involves the activation of brain microglial cells.
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