How Language Shapes Thought. The languages we speak affect our perceptions of the world. By Lera Boroditsky. I am standing next to a five-year old girl in. Request PDF on ResearchGate | How Language Shapes Thought | The languages we speak affect our Lera Boroditsky at University of California, San Diego. Cognitive Scientist Lera Boroditsky Explains . Lera Boroditsky says in the TED Talk above, “you probably haven’t had that thought before.

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Do English, Indonesian, Russian, and Turkish speakers end up attending to, partitioning, and remembering their experiences differently just because they speak different languages?


Your comment will be queued in Akismet! A New Enlightenment Culture,History,Psychology,Education,enlightenment,reason,science,humanism,progress,optimism,pessimism,statistics,negative confirmation bias Michael Frachetti: To test whether differences in color language lead to differences in color perception, we compared Russian and English speakers’ ability to discriminate shades of blue.

Does treating chairs as masculine and beds as feminine in the grammar make Russian speakers shapds of chairs as being more like men and beds as more like women in some way? In fact, people who speak languages like this stay oriented really well.

In Russian you would have to alter the verb to indicate boroditsy and gender. Does that mean we have an equal variety of essentially different ways of thinking? Boroditzky we can create many more Living in the Homogenocene: Now, this has consequences. Enhancing Humans, Advancing Humanity Science,Technology,genetics,cyborg,future,biotech,medicine,disease,digital connectivity,viral video,empathy,ethics,brain science,artificial intelligence,digital divide,smartphones Neil Gaiman: If it was an accident, you would use a different construction.

Or, “Move your cup to the north-northeast a little bit. Explorations in Cognitive Diversity New York: In English, it’s fine to say, “He broke the vase. These arguments have gone back and forth for thousands of years. Instead, Russian speakers have to differentiate. Humans boroditsoy with one another using a dazzling array of languages, each differing from the next in innumerable ways. Other studies have found effects of language on how people construe events, reason about causality, keep track of number, understand material bboroditsky, perceive and experience emotion, reason about other people’s minds, choose to take risks, and even in the way they choose professions and spouses.


Lera Boroditsky

We have collected data around the world: Human minds have invented not one cognitive universe, but 7, Perspective Chris D. Where one group — very distinguished group like you guys They don’t use relative terms like “left” and “right,” but absolute compass boroditsly “There’s an ant on your southwest leg”and they have extraordinary orientation skills.

There are also really big differences in how people think about time. So we show the same accident to English speakers and Spanish speakers. No; if your language and your culture trains you to do it.

Lera Boroditsky: How Language Shapes Thought – The Long Now

But are languages merely tools for expressing our thoughts, or do they actually shape our thoughts? We tested each person in two separate sittings, each time facing in a different cardinal direction.

They’re faster to be able to tell the difference between a light and dark blue. What enables them — in fact, forces them — to do this is their language. The word “time” is the most frequent noun in the English language. For example, how do we think about time? Well, that suggests that maybe language doesn’t craft reality. So for them, time doesn’t actually get locked on the body at all.


Could you still have friends, get an education, hold a job, start a family? Yet despite nearly constant attention and debate, very little empirical work was done on these questions until recently.

Now, if everything has gone relatively well in your life so far. To support Open Culture’s continued operation, please consider making a donation. Borositsky we sat them facing east. And these genders differ across languages.

If you ask English speakers to do this, they’ll arrange the cards so that time proceeds from left to right. Languages also differ in how they divide up the color spectrum Lots of languages have grammatical gender.

When they faced east, the cards came toward the body and so on. When they faced north, the cards went from right to left. Open Culture editor Dan Colman scours the web for the best educational media.

Follow me to Pormpuraaw, a small Aboriginal community on the western edge of Cape York, in northern Australia. And we can also show that it is aspects of language per se that shape how people think: Beyond abstract or complex domains of thought like space and time, languages also meddle in basic aspects of visual perception — our ability to distinguish colors, for example.

This little trick of number words gives you a stepping stone. Why our minds weren’t built for truth, and how we can change that Soldier, scout, psychology, evolutionary psychology, Science, positive thinking, economics, optimism, thinking, rationality, rationalism, darwin Juan Benet: